Peppers


Peppers come from the colorful Capsicum family which splits into two main categories – sweet bell peppers and the spicy chilies, such as jalapenos. Chilies have capsaicin, sweet peppers do not.

General Facts
You can’t differentiate the sweet bell pepper varieties when they’re still young because they all look green. As they ripen, they’ll change color. Depending on the stage of ripeness and their variety, their colors range from orange, yellow, red, purple, brown, black, ivory or green, and so do their sweetness.

AKA
Sweet bell peppers are also known as capsicums, sweet peppers or green / red peppers.

Storage
Store unwashed bell peppers in a plastic bag in the refrigerator. Sources say they will stay fresh for about a week but we have seen them keep a couple weeks. Green bell peppers will stay fresh a little longer than the yellow and red ones.

Green Pepper Nutrition
One cup of chopped green pepper has 3 grams of fiber, 4 grams of sugar and one gram of protein. It contains 200 percent of your daily allowance of vitamin C! It is also a good source of potassium and maganese.

Recipes

Kohlrabi


AKA:
Kohlrabi is also called German or cabbage turnip. It is a low, stout cultivar of the cabbage that will grow almost anywhere. It has been selected for its swollen, nearly spherical shape.

Origin
The name comes from the German Kohl (“cabbage”) plus Rübe ~ Rabi (Swiss German variant) (“turnip”), because the swollen stem resembles the latter. However, the actual “Kohlrübe” exists too and corresponds to the rutabaga in English, which is distinct from the kohlrabi. Kohlrabi has been created by artificial selection for lateral meristem growth; its origin in nature is the same as that of cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, kale, collard greens, and brussels sprouts: They are all bred from, and are the same species as, the wild cabbage plant (Brassica oleracea).

Cooking tips:
Boiled, steam, or eat raw. Be sure to peel the outer layer. Don’t forget you can eat the greens!

Substitutions:
turnips, white radish, broccoli stems.

Recipes

Chinese Broccoli

Nutritional Data:
1 cup of cooked Chinese broccoli has about 19 calories, 1 gram of fat, sugar and protein, and 2 grams of fiber. It has unusually high Vitamin A content at 29% of our daily recommended intake and 41% Vitamin C! It is considered a good source of vitamin E , folate, calcium, iron and zinc among other things.

General Facts:
Chinese broccoli is also known as Kai lan or Chinese kale. It has a long stem, leaves, and broccoli like flowers that are smaller than standard broccoli. The flavor is similar to broccoli rabe and some suggest it is one and the same though we found conflicting information on that front. It is in season in Spring or late Summer.

Storage
Wrapped in plastic, it will keep in the refrigerator vegetable crisper for up to a week.

Green Beans

Nutrional Data
1 cup of raw green beans has 34 calories, 2 grams of both protein and sugar, 4 grams of fiber and 30% of your daily intake of Vitamin C.  Green beans are a low sodium food and considered a good source for Vitamin A, folate, and iron.

General Facts
Green Beans are available year round, but peak of the season is May thru October.  They were first served by the French but were initially found in hot regions of the Americas, India, and China.  They are considered nitrogen fixers, which means they have the ability to draw nitrogen from the air and return it to the soil. Because of this, farmers often plant beans and legumes in their crop rotations to replenish the soil.  Green fruits and vegetables help maintain vision health and strong bones and teeth. They may also lower the risk of some cancers.

Offbeat Fact
Green bean casserole was invented in 1955 by the Campbell Soup Company test kitchen.

Storage
Store unwashed fresh green beans in a resealable plastic bag for up to 4 days. Wash just before using, removing strings and ends if necessary.

Recipes

Rhubarb

History
Rhubarb is a very old plant, dating back to 2700 BC in China where it was cultivated for medicinal uses. It is available in the spring.

General
While rhubarb is used as a fruit it is actually a vegetable. Field grown rhubarb (aka cherry rhubarb) has deeply colored red stalks and tends to be more juicy, with a bolder acidity than a hot house produced rhubarb (aka stawberry rhubarb). The leaves of rhubarb are INEDIBLE and toxic when eaten in large quantities. The stalk has a sweet tart, lip puckering taste that is good for baking and in compotes.

Nutrition
1 cup of rhubarb is just 26 calories. It is a good source of Vitamins C and K. It is also a good source of Magnesium and Calcium.

AKA
pie plant

Cooking tips
Use in pies, compotes, muffins and cakes.

Storage
Rhubarb will keep up to a week when stored in a plastic bag in the fridge.

Recipes

Swiss Chard

There are two varieties of Swiss Chard, red or green. The wide leaves taste much like spinach, but the edible stems taste more like celery.

Cooking Tips
The stems need a little more cooking time than the leaves, so slice them off where the stems meet the leaves and add them a bit sooner.

Nutrition
1 cup has 35 calories, 4 grams of fiber and 3 grams of protein.
Swiss chard is an excellent source of vitamin K, vitamin A, vitamin C, magnesium, manganese, potassium, iron, vitamin E and dietary fiber.

AKA
Acelyas

Storage
To store, place unwashed chard in the refrigerator in a plastic bag. It will keep fresh for several days. If you have large batches of chard, you can blanch the leaves and then freeze them.

Equivalents
1 lb = 1.5 cups cooked stems + 1 cup cooked leaves
1 lb = 4 cups raw stems + 5-6 cups raw leaves

Recipes

Red Norland Potatoes

Storage
Store in a cool, humid (but not wet) location. Store in burlap, brown paper, or perforated plastic bags away from light, in the coolest, non-refrigerated, and well-ventilated part of the house. Don’t store onions and potatoes together.

Cooking tips
Red Norland Potatoes are a red-skinned, white flesh variety of potato. They are perfect for potato salads or just boiled and tossed with olive oil and salt and pepper.

Recipes

Community Supported Agriculture in the 11104